Exemption for Agent of Payee Payment-Processing Service


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September 11, 2015

Re: ___________________ – Opinion Request

Dear ___________________:

Thank you for your letter dated June 12, 2015, in which you asked on behalf of ___________________ for a determination from the Department of Business Oversight (Department) about the application of an exemption from the Money Transmission Act to ___________________’s payment-processing service.  ___________________ currently has a money transmission license with the Department.

Financial Code section 2010(l) exempts transactions where the recipient of the money or monetary value is an agent of the payee.  This section also provides that the agent and payee must have a preexisting written contract and delivery of the money or other monetary value satisfies the payor’s obligation to the payee.  

In addition, the new exemption defines key terms, including agent, payee, and payor:

(1)                     For purposes of this subdivision, “agent” has the same meaning as that term is defined in Section 2295 of the Civil Code.

(2)                     For purposes of this subdivision, “payee” means the provider of goods or services, who is owed payment of money or other monetary value from the payor for the goods or services.

(3)                     For purposes of this subdivision, “payor” means the recipient of goods or services, who owes payment of money or monetary value to the payee for the goods or services.  (Fin. Code, § 2010(l).)

___________________ asserts that the payment-processing service meets the criteria in Financial Code section 2010(l).  ___________________’s payment-processing service (the “Service”) involves receiving payment on behalf of third party merchants from individuals (“Users”) who purchase goods or services from those merchants.  The Users pay for the goods or services in person at physical retail merchant locations with whom ___________________ has contracted.  The merchant operating the physical retail location accepts payment on behalf of ___________________ and the third party merchants from whom the User is purchasing the good or service.  The merchant receiving cash payment remits the payment using ___________________’s electronic network, and issues a receipt to the User.  The payment is then forwarded by ___________________ to the third party merchant that sold the good or service to the User.

In support of its assertion, ___________________ submitted existing written agreements with merchants who receive payment from individuals, third parties who sell goods or services to the individuals, and other payments processors, as well as receipts issued to Users.  

For example, section l.a of the Form Merchant Agreement expressly provides the following agency appointment language:

Merchant  hereby  non  exclusively appoints  ___________________  as  its  agent  for the  limited purpose of receiving payments on its behalf from Network users, directly and through all participating Payment Locations designated by ___________________ through separate agreements between ___________________ and the Payment Locations, and expressly authorizes all Payment Locations referred to in Schedule 1  to accept payment on its behalf only through the Network.

Section  l .a  of  the  Form  Processor  Agreement  expressly  provides  the  following  agency appointment language:

Pursuant to the  authorization provided to Processor by its Clients in connection with certain services provided by Processor to its Clients, Processor, in its own capacity and on behalf of its Clients, hereby non exclusively appoints ___________________ as  its and each of its Client’s  agent for the limited purposes of receiving payments on its and its Clients’ behalf from Network users, directly and through all Participating Locations designated by ___________________   through   separate  agreements  between   ___________________   and   the  Payment Locations, and expressly authorizes all Payment Locations referred to on Schedule 1  to accept payment on its and its Clients’ behalf only through the Network.

Furthermore, delivery of the money or other monetary value to the retail locations and ___________________ satisfies the User’s obligation to the Payee.   First, the receipt issued to the User evidences that payment has been made to the third party merchant.  Second, the agreements with payees expressly provide that payment at the retail location and to ___________________ constitutes full and final settlement of amounts owed by the User to the payee.

For example, section 3.d of the Form Processor Agreement expressly provides the following:

Actual receipt  of payment  for Offerings from users  by ___________________  and/or Payment Locations on behalf of  Client and/or Processor in connection with Network transactions shall be  deemed receipt  of payment from  users by such  Client and  will  satisfy the obligations owed to Client by users in the amount of the applicable payment by the user, even  if payment   is  not  received  by  Processor  or  Client from   ___________________,  rather Processor’s  recourse  is to ___________________.  Processor acknowledges  and agrees for  itself and each of its Clients, that it and each Client has no (and shall not assert any) claim for payment against any user after receipt of payment from  such user by a Payment Location  and will not  otherwise allow or take any  action  or fail  to take any action adverse to a user as a result of any such failure  to subsequently  receive payment from ___________________.   

Other agreements have substantially similar language.

The Department has reviewed these agreements and the receipts issued to Users, and determined that the two requirements in Financial Code section 2010(l) have been met.  Specifically, the agreements establish that (1) ___________________ is the agent of the payee for purposes of receiving payments from payors, and (2) ___________________’s receipt of any payor’s money satisfies the payor’s obligation to the payee.

Therefore, the Department confirms that the Service offered by ___________________ is exempt from the Money Transmission Act pursuant to Financial Code section 2010(l) and reporting for this service is not required.

This opinion only applies to the Service.  It does not apply to any other money transmission service, including without limitation, ___________________’s bill payment service for which it does not have any contracts with third party merchants.  This opinion is based solely on the facts as represented in your correspondence, and may change if any of the conditions or circumstances under which ___________________ provides products or services are altered in the future. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact me at (916) 322-5983.




Jan Lynn Owen


Department of Business Oversight 




Manuela Rumsey

                                        Senior Counsel


                cc:       Robert Venchiarutti, Department of Business Oversight, San Francisco